Many people experience brown spots and pigment changes at some point in their lives. These blemishes appear when too much melanin is produced by the skin in a concentrated area. Age, medication, genetics, and sun exposure are just a few of the triggers associated with hyperpigmentation.

Types: 

Freckles – Small, flat, circular, and usually uniform in colour. These spots may be genetic, or appear with sun exposure before fading in winter.

Sun Spots – These may look like freckles, and in some cases appear to be raised itchy warts. They’re caused by overexposure to the sun, and while usually harmless, they may be early warning signs of skin cancer.

“Liver Spots” or Age Spots – Large, dark and flat brown spots on the face and hands, also known as solar lentigo or lentigines. They most commonly appear in middle age, but can also form earlier from sun exposure.

Moles – Small dark brown spots that range in colour, size and protrusion. They can be caused by sun exposure, pregnancy, skin type and genetics.

Melasma – Brown or tan patches on the face, typically in women of childbearing age. May be related to sun exposure, medications, genetics, and/or hormonal changes.

Actinic Keratosis – Scaly, thickened, and/or warty lesions on the skin, either brown or reddish in colour. This condition may be an early indicator of skin cancer.

Treatments: 

Laser therapy or IPL photorejuvenation will give your skin a more even tone.

Also known as a photofacial, this treatment stimulates collagen production and skin regeneration.

This powerful but gentle laser treats damaged skin, wrinkles, uneven skin tone and more.

Sensitive Skin 

Sensitive skin isn’t a disease that a doctor can diagnose you with. It’s usually a symptom of another condition. You may not even know you have sensitive skin until you have a bad reaction to a cosmetic product, like soap, moisturizer, or makeup.

Causes: 

  1. Natural disposition : sunlight, heavy winds, very cold temperatures, very hot temperatures
  2. Allergic reactions
  3. Dry skin: A person with dry skin may also have sensitive skin. Taking steps to keep moisture in the skin may help keep it from drying out.
  4. Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a condition that generally causes dry, itchy patches of skin to appear, though symptoms vary from person to person.
  5. Rosacea

People with rosacea may have red skin and visible blood vessels, typically in the face. In some people, the skin may develop a rash of small, pus filled bumps.